"AYURASMIN VIDYATHE ANENA ITHI AYURVEDAM"
Ayurveda "Knowledge of life" or Ayurveda medicine is a system of medicine with historical root in the Indian sub-continent. The main classical Ayurveda treatises begin with legendary accounts of the transmission of medical knowledge from the Gods to Sages, and thence to human physicians. Thus the Sushruta Samhita narrate how “Dhanvantari” “Greatest of the mighty celestia” incarnated himself as divodasa, a mythical king of Varanasi, who then taught medicine to a group of wise physicians including sushruta himself.
Ayurveda names three elemental substances, the doshas (called Vata, Pitta and Kapha), and states that a balance of the doshas results in health, while imbalance results in disease. Ayurveda has eight canonical components, which are derived from classical Sanskrit literature. Some of the oldest known Ayurvedic texts include the Suśrutha Saṃhitā and Charaka Saṃhitā, which are written in Sanskrit.